Companion Planting and Garden Planning

This year my garden is going to be totally different than it has ever been. Instead of making rows of vegetables, I’m growing my garden in small patches. Each patch will contain groups of companion plants that aid each other. I’ve been planning this since last year when my garden went kaput!

In addition to small companion patches, I’m adding flowers into each patch. Flowers are beneficial because they attract good garden bugs and cover the ground space, leaving less room for weeds to grow.

black eyed susans, marigolds, nasturtium, and lavender

Flowers are great for your garden!

Flowers in a vegetable garden? Sounds crazy, I know! I’m hoping that the end result is both beautiful and functional. I’m planning on planting marigolds, yarrow, black-eyed susans, daisies, asters, echinacea, lavender, and sunflowers! Hopefully they will do their job attracting ladybugs, hoever flies, lacewings, and wasps to the garden. Those insects are great at keeping garden pests at bay.

painted daisies, echinacea, asters

More wonderful flowers to keep your garden healthy

So what plants go well together? I’m so glad you asked! Here is what I’ve determined are good companion plants based on gardening experience and research into the topic. I have not included beans or peas because we don’t plant them here.

  • Asparagus should be planted near basil, parsley, tomatoes, and marigolds
  • Cabbage can be planted near celery, chard, cucumber, lettuce, onion, potatoes, spinach, chamomile  garlic, catnip, hyssop, rosemary, sage, dill, mint (in a container!), nasturtium, tansy, and thyme
  • Carrots go well with lettuce, onion, peppers, radishes, tomatoes, chives, rosemary, and sage
  • Celery likes to be near cabbage, tomatoes, chives, garlic, and nasturtium
  • Chard should be planted near cabbage and onions
  • Corn does well next to cucumbers, melons, parsley, potatoes, pumpkins, squash, marigolds, white geraniums, and pigweed
  • Cucumber can be planted near cabbage, corn, radishes, tomatoes, marigolds, nasturtium, oregano, and tansy
  • Eggplant does well near peppers and marigolds
  • Lettuce likes to be near cabbage, carrots, onions, radishes, strawberries, chives, cucumbers, and garlic
  • Melons do well near corn, pumpkin, radishes, squash, marigolds, nasturtium, and oregano
  • Onions can be planted close to cabbage, carrots, chard, lettuce, peppers, strawberries, tomatoes, chamomile, summer savory, pigweed, and sow thistle
  • Parsley makes a great companion to asparagus, corn, and tomato
  • Peppers go near carrots, eggplants, onion, and tomatoes
  • Potatoes can be planted near cabbage, corn, eggplant, horseradish(very good at 4 corners of potato bed), sunflowers, and marigolds
  • Pumpkins like to be near corn, melon, squash, marigolds, nasturtium, and oregano
  • Spinach does great near cabbage, strawberries, and eggplant
  • Squash should go by corn, melons, pumpkins, borage, marigold, nasturtium, and oregano
  • Strawberries love it near lettuce, onion, spinach, thyme, and borage
  • Tomatoes are good near asparagus, carrots, celery, cucumber, onion, parsley, peppers, basil, bee balm, chives, mint, borage, and marigolds
  • Broccoli can go near onion, dill, sage, and peppermint
  • Cauliflower likes to be near onion, peppermint, sage, and thyme
  • Chives should be planted near onion and cabbage
  • Eggplant does well by peppers and lettuce
  • Marigolds can be added near basil, broccoli, cucumber, eggplant, potatoes, squash, tomatoes, and melons
  • Catnip helps pumpkins and squash
  • Lavender aids cabbage and cauliflower
companion planting

My garden plan sketch

This year, my garden will have four patches of companion plants. Here is what I’m planning:

1. Strawberries, spinach, lettuce, eggplant, cilantro, cucumber, marigold, cauliflower, broccoli, carrot, onion, chives, and lavender

companion plants

2. Corn, sunflowers, squash, cantelope, watermelon, pumpkin, catnip, oregano, parsley, marigold, nasturtium, lettuce, carrot, onion, chives, cucumbers

companion plants

3. Potatoes, cucumbers, marigolds, cabbage, chives, lavender, sunflowers, corn, echinacea

companion plants

4. Tomatoes, asparagus, cilantro, zucchini, parsley, okra, peppers, eggplant, carrot, onion, and marigolds

companion plants

We don’t plant beans of any kind because Eddie is allergic to all fava beans. Even the pollen from bean plants can cause a reaction, so we keep them out of our gardens.

seedlings for companion patch garden

Seeds I started have begun to sprout!


Baby strawberry plants!

onion seedlings

Onions are sprouting up too!

I’m so excited to see how everything does! Are you doing a garden this year? What does it look like?


About Genevieve

Genevieve is a southern gal who loves to write. She is a graduate of Everest College with an AAS in Criminal Investigations. Currently, she works as a freelance writer and volunteers for Central Virginia Horse Rescue by writing their monthly newsletter. If she's not writing, you can bet she's either spending time with friends and family, playing with the horses, crafting, or reading. Interested in having a guest blog appearance? Email to get in touch! P.S. Subscribe by RSS feed if you are interested in following her creative insanity... ;)

Posted on April 19, 2013, in Gardening and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 6 Comments.

  1. What a LOVELY garden plan! I may steal a couple ideas for our community garden plot… P.S. I officially decided that one of our raised beds is going to be ONLY flowers and basil (our summer vice). Again – LOVE your garden dreams.

    • Thanks for stopping by! You are welcome to take any ideas you can use. I love the idea of flowers in the garden, so mine is going to be full of them this year! I can’t wait until everything is growing really well…I’ll share photos of it as soon as I can. 🙂

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